Relapse Prevention Therapy

Relapse Prevention Therapy: Relapse Prevention Therapy (RPT) is a method of teaching clients to anticipate and cope effectively with high-risk scenarios where relapse is most likely. There are several approaches to relapse prevention. Those with the most research support are based on Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy.

Coping skills training strategies include both cognitive and behavioral techniques. Cognitive techniques provide clients with ways to re-frame the habit change process as a learning experience with errors and setbacks expected as mastery develops. Behavioral techniques include the use of lifestyle modifications such as meditation, exercise, and spiritual practices to strengthen a client’s overall coping capacity. Relapse Prevention Therapy (RPT) is a behavioral self-control program that teaches individuals with substance addiction how to anticipate and cope with the potential for relapse. RPT can be used as a stand-alone substance use treatment program or as an aftercare program to sustain gains achieved during initial substance use treatment. Coping skills training is the cornerstone of RPT, teaching clients strategies to:

  • Understand relapse as a process
  • Identify and cope effectively with high-risk situations such as negative emotional states, interpersonal conflict, and social pressure
  • Cope with urges and craving
  • Implement damage control procedures during a lapse to minimize negative consequences
  • Stay engaged in treatment even after a relapse
  • Learn how to create a more balanced lifestyle

Coping skills training strategies include both cognitive and behavioral techniques. Cognitive techniques provide clients with ways to re-frame the habit change process as a learning experience with errors and setbacks expected as mastery develops. Behavioral techniques include the use of lifestyle modifications such as meditation, exercise, and spiritual practices to strengthen a client’s overall coping capacity.

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