Motivational Interviewing

Motivational Interviewing (MI) is a client-centered, directed method that providers can integrate into any therapeutic process. Some use MI as a stand-alone approach while others incorporate it into other approaches. The goal is to enhance a person’s internal motivation for change. The basic MI principles include: Expressing empathy; demonstrating an understanding of the client’s perspective; developing discrepancy; exploring the difference between where clients currently are and where they want to be; rolling with resistance; accepting a reluctance to change as a normal occurrence; and supporting self-efficacy; embracing client autonomy; and helping them develop confidence in their ability to change.